Sanskrit –Learning was widespread in the State of Kerala even during the rule of the British and the Princely States, either under the Gurukula System or in the form of Pāṭhaśālās. The pāṭhaśālās under the leadership of Śeṣāśāstrī in Southern Kerala, under the initiative of the Palaces of Tṛppūṇittura and Koḍuṅṅallūr (Crangannore), in the Central parts and under the leadership of Punnaśśeri Nīlakaṇṭha Śarmā in the North, were quite famous.

Presently, there are thirty one Sanskrit Schools in Kerala. These were established about 150 years ago. Provision was made for the teaching of English, Sanskrit and Hindi languages in these schools. There was ample scope for the learning of the Mother tongue also as all the other subjects were taught through the Medium of the mother tongue.

Taking into account the popular sentiment and recognizing the importance of Sanskrit Learning, the Government, from the year 1967, made provisions for the teaching of Sanskrit in Academic Schools also, throughout Kerala. In these Schools, Sanskrit is taught as an Elective / Optional subject, as First Language. The regional language is also taught in many schools as a subordinate Language. Presently, Sanskrit Teaching is undertaken in as many as around three thousand Schools in Kerala. Three thousand two hundred and fifty Sanskrit teachers are employed in Middle, High and Higher Secondary Schools. Almost Two Lakh Students learn the subject.

In the year 1971, Krishna Warier a renowned Sanskrit Pundit, was entrusted with the task of looking into Problems related to Sanskrit Learning and to submit a report along with feasible solutions. He had put forward several ways for promoting and nurturing of Sanskrit.

A Special Officer, therefore, has been posted in the Directorate of General Education to to oversee the Planning and Developmental activities in the area of Sanskrit Education and to see that the benefits reach out throughout Kerala, Likewise, there is a Research Officer with the State Council for Educational Research and Training for Academc Supervision, development of Text Books etc.

In 1979, to uplift Sanskrit Learning, Committees of Teachers were formed at different levels. These academic committees function at Educational Sub – District, District and State  levels. Their responsibility includes organizing of Sanskrit study camps for Students, observing Sanskrit Day, Conducting Scholarship examinations, and generally engaging in activities conducive to Sanskrit propagation.

To promote Sanskrit learning, a Sanskrit Festival was organized under the aegis of Sanskrt Schools in the year 1983. The first festival was conducted at the Tṛppūṇittura School. The Government beautifully organized the function for three consecutive years. Thereafter, the festival was restructured, incorporating the students of Academic schools as well. The first such festival was held at Pattambi in the year 1987. Presently, the festival has been clubbed with the Youth Festival which is regularly organized by Schools all over Kerala.

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